عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
This article is the product of a research taken place in line with the
goals of I.R. of Iran, stated in its vision document, in order for the
country to reach the defined scientific position. As in the vision
document has been put a lot of emphasis on scientific development of
the country towards reaching the ultimate goal of acquiring the first
scientific position in the region, there seems to be a necessity for
special attention to scientific and R & D centers of the country and
more specifically to the researchers and professionals of this section.
On the other hand, acquiring the first economic position of the region
is Iran’s other major goal, to be reached by the end of the vision
period. For this to take place, it should be considered that economic
prosperity of organizations in today’s highly competitive markets, is
mostly dependent on the function of R&D centers and their activities;
while these centers are heavily dependent on their labor, and
considering the need of their labor for innovation and creativity,
applying a correct leadership and management strategy seems
tremendously effective in enhancing the workforce performance and
speeding up the organizations’ progress.
In this research, related studies carried out in other parts of the world,
were investigated and the local characteristics of the country were also
taken into consideration. This study is applicable and developing
regarding its goal, and descriptive-survey regarding its method. Since
it has tried to analyze the literature and information obtained from R
&D centers to define the leadership strategies of researchers, it can be
considered a descriptive survey; and since the results obtained, have
been examined through the survey, we can consider it a survey study.
This research was performed in the Niroo Research Institute (NRI) of
Ministry of Energy, as one of the largest national research centers in
Iran. The population of this study are the expert middle and high
managers of this institute.
Additionally, the validity and reliability of all surveys have been
evaluated and approved.
Major results of this paper are the followings: determines appropriate
strategies, and provides an integrated model for leadership of
scientists strategies in R & D sections; provides effective parameters
in determining the strategic position in the model.
The results of this research, have also been evaluated and
implemented in the NRI.