قابلیت های رقابتی در شرکتهای دانش بنیان مدلی برای تبیین نقش چابکی استراتژیک و یادگیری استراتژیک

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیارگروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه خلیج‌فارس بوشهر،

2 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه خلیج فارس بوشهر،

چکیده

امروزه به دلیل عدم وجود قطعیت و ثبات در محیط کسب و کار از یک سو و ظهور مستمر نوآوری های یکباره حاصل از فعالیت شرکتهای دانش بنیان از سوی دیگر، مفهوم رقابت در میان شرکتهای فعال در صنعت متفاوت شده است. برمبنای این تغییر پارادایم، شرکت­ها بایدبه منظور باقی ماندن و موفقیت در بازار، بر ایجاد نقاط قوت و قابلیت­های رقابتی خود تمرکز نمایند.  هدف اصلی پژوهش حاضر تبیین الگوی تاثیرگذاری چابکی استراتژیک و یادگیری استراتژیک بر قابلیت­های رقابتی شرکتهای دانش بنیان، در شرکت­های دانش بنیان پارک علم و فناوری بوشهر می­باشد. پژوهش حاضر از نظر هدف، پژوهشی کاربردی و از نظر روش جمع­آوری داده‌ها، پیمایشی است. جامعهآماری اینپژوهشراکلیهشرکتهایفعالدرپارکعلموفناوریشهربوشهر تشکیل می­دهد. به منظور بررسی فرضیات پژوهش و آزمون مدل نیز از نرم افزار SMART PLS استفاده گردیده است. یافته­های پژوهش نشان می­دهد که، یادگیری استراتژیک و چابکی استراتژیک تأثیر مثبت و معناداری بر قابلیت­های رقابتی شرکت­های دانش­بنیان دارند، هم­چنین یادگیری استراتژیک بر چابکی استراتژیک این شرکت­ها تأثیر مثبت و معناداری دارد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Competitive Capabilities in the Knowledge-Based Companies, a Model to Explain the Role of Strategic Agility and Strategic Learning

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mani Arman 1
  • Mahboobe Shafiei 2

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Business Management, Persian Gulf University

2 Master of Business Administartion, Persian Gulf University

چکیده [English]

As in most industries, there is no certainty about the assessment of the business environment; companies must be able to compete through sustainable methods. So in order to survive and succeed in the marketplace, companies must focus on building their competitive strengths and capabilities. The main objective of this study is to investigate the impact of strategic agility and strategic learning on competitive capabilities, and explore the impact of strategic learning on strategic agility in knowledge-based firms of Science and Technology Park of Bushehr. This study is an applied research and data gathering methodology is a survey. Statistical population of this study is all of the knowledge-based companies of science and technology park of Bushehr. Data were collected from questionnaire and to assess reliability, Cronbach's alpha is used which demonstrate the validity of the questionnaires. In order to test the hypothesis and model SMART PLS software is used. The results of this study show that, strategic learning and strategic agility have positive and significant effect on the competitive capabilities of knowledge-based companies, as well as strategic learning strategic has a significant and positive impact on strategic agility of these firms.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • - Strategic Learning
  • Strategic Agility
  • Competitive capabilities
  • Knowledge-Based Firms
Abu-Radi, S. (2013). Strategic Agility and Its Impact on the Operations Competitive Capabilities in Jordanian Private Hospitals.

Berghman, L. (2006). Strategic Innovation Capacity: A Mixed Method Study on Deliberates Strategic Learning Mechanisms. University of Rotterdam: Ph. D. Dissertation.

Bhatt, G., & Grover, V. (2005). Types of Information Technology Capabilities and Their Role in Competitive Advantage: An Empirical Study. Journal of Management Information Systems, 22(2), 253-277.

Boonpattarakan, A. (2012). Competitive Capabilities of Thai Logistics Industry: Effects on Corporate Image and Performance. International Journal of Business and Management, 7(5), 19-30.

Chen, I., & Paulraj, A. (2004). Towards a theory of supply chain management: the constructs and measurements. Journal of Operations Management(22), 119-150.

CROSSAN, M., LANE, H., & WHITE, R. (1999). AN ORGANIZATIONALL EARNIN FRAMEWORKF: ROM INTUITION TO INSTITUTION. Academy of Management Review, 24(3), 522-537.

D'Aveni, R. (1996). Hypercompetition: Managing the Dynamic of Strategic Management. The Academy of Management Review, 21(1), 291-294.

Doz, Y., & Kosonen, M. (2007). Fast Strategy: How strategic agility will help you stay ahead of the game. Wharton School Publishing: http://www.pearson-books.com/faststrategy.

Doz, Y., & Kosonen, M. (2010). Embedding Strategic Agility A Leadership Agenda for Accelerating Business Model Renewal. Long Range Planning(43), 370-382.

Goldman, S., Nagel, R., & Preiss, K. (1995). Agile Competitors and Virtual Organizations: Strategies for Enriching the Customer. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Idris, W., & AL-Rubaie, M. (2013). Examining the Impact of Strategic Learning on Strategic Agility. Journal of Management and Strategy, 4(2), 70-77.

Jerez-Gomez, P., Cespedes-Lorente, J., & Valle-Cabrera, R. (2005). Organizational learning capability: a proposal of measurement. Journal of Business Research(58), 715-725.

Kenny, J. (2006). Strategy and the learning organization: a maturity model for the formation of strategy. The Learning Organization, 13(4), 353 - 368.

Kettunen, P. (2009). Adopting key lessons from agile manufacturing to agile software product development—A comparative study. Technovation(29), 408-422.

Kuwada, K. (1998). Strategic Learning: The Continuous Side of Discontinuous Strategic Change. ORGANIZATION SCIENCE, 9(6), 719-736.

MacKinnon, W., Grant, G., & Cray, D. (2008). Enterprise Information Systems and Strategic Flexibility. Proceedings of the 41st Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, (pp. 1-9). Hawaii.

Mavengere, N., Mäkipää, M., & Ruohonen, M. (2012). The Role of Information Systems in Supply Chain Strategic agility: a systematic literature review. Department of Informatics and Media, Uppsala University(26), 1-16.

Mousavi Davoudi, S., & Fartash, K. (2012). The Important Role of Strategic Agility in Firms’ Capability and Performance. International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, 2(3), 6-12.

Pietersen, W. (2008). Strategic Learning: A Leadership Process for Creating and Implementing Break. U.S.A: McGraw-Hill.

Roth , A. (1996). Achieving strategic agility through Economies of Knowledge. Planning Review, 24(2), 30-36.

Sire´n, C. (2012). Unmasking the capability of strategic learning: a validation study. The Learning Organization, 19(6), 497-517.

THOMAS, J., CLARK, S., & GIOIA, D. (1993). STRATEGIC SENSEMAKING AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE: LINKAGES AMONG SCANNING, INTERPRETATION, ACTION, AND OUTCOMES. Academy of Management journal, 36(2), 239-270.

Daft, R., & Weick, K. (1984). Toward a Model of Organizations as Interpretation Systems. Academy of Management Review, 9(2), 284-291.

Farjoun, M. (2002). Towards an organic perspective on strategy. Strategic Management Journal, 23(7), 561–594.

Fliedner, G., & Vokurka, R. (1997). Agility: Competitive Weapon of the 1990s and Beyond? Production and Inventory Journal, 38(3), 19-24.

García‐Morales, V., Llorens‐Montes, F., & Verdú‐Jover, A. (2006). Antecedents and consequences of organizational innovation and organizational learning in entrepreneurship. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 106(1), 21 - 42.

Gehani, R. (1995). Time‐based management of technology: A taxonomic integration of tactical and strategic roles. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 15(2), 19 - 35.

Huber, G. (1991). Organizational Learning: The Contributing Processes and the Literatures. Organization Science, 2(1), 88-115.

Lee, H. (2002). Aligning Supply Chain Strategies with Product Uncertainties. California Management Review, 44(9), 105-119.

Mintzberg, H., & Lampel, J. (1999). Reflecting on the strategy process. Sloan Management, 40(3), 21-30.

Nahapiet, J., & Ghoshal, S. (1998). Social Capital, Intellectual Capital And The Organizational Advantage. Academy Of Management Review, 23(2), 242-266.

Ogunsiji, ,., & Akanbi, ,. (2013). The Role of Perceived Environmental Uncertainty and Strategic Agility on the Performance of Selected Banks in Oyo State of Nigeria. Information and Knowledge Management, 3(7), 23-31.

Ojha, D. (2008). IMPACT OF STRATEGIC AGILITY ON COMPETITIVE CAPABILITIES AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE.

Onyema, .., & Akanbi, P. (2012). The Influence Of Strategic Agility On The Perceived Performance Of Manufacturing Firms In Nigeria. International Business & Economics Research Journal, 11(2), 153-160.

Oyedijo , A. (2012). Strategic Agility and Competitive Performance in the Nigerian Telecommunication Industry: An Empirical Investigation. American International Journal of Contemporary Research, 2(3), 227-237.

Siren, C. A. (2012). Unmasking the capability of strategic learning: a validation study. The Learning Organization, 19(6), 497-517.

Soule, B. (2002). From vision to reality: Strategic agility in complex times. Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, 30(2), 107-119.

Tallon, P. (2008). Inside the adaptive enterprise: an information technology capabilities perspective on business process agility. Information Technology and Management, 9(1), 21-36.

Thomas, J. B., Sussman, S. W., & Henderson, J. C. (2001). Understanding "Strategic Learning": Linking Organizational Learning, Knowledge Management, and Sensemaking. Organization Science, 12(3), 331-345.

Weill, P., Subramani , M., & Broadbent, M. (2002). Building IT Infrastructure for Strategic Agility. Sloan Management Review, 44(1), 57-66.

Zhang, Z., & Sharifi, H. (2000). A methodology for achieving agility in manufacturing organisations. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 20(4), 496-512.

 

 


دوره 25، شماره 83
بهار 1396
صفحه 25-50
  • تاریخ دریافت: 27 اردیبهشت 1394
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 23 آذر 1394
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 28 تیر 1395