عوامل موثربرکارآفرینی سازمانی

نویسندگان

1 استاد دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

2 دانشیار گروه مدیریت صنعتی دانشگاه شاهد

3 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت کارآفرینی دانشگاه شاهد

4 استادیار گروه مدیریت صنعتی دانشگاه شاهد

چکیده

   با توجه به پویایی و پیچیدگی شرایط و محیط کسب و کار امروزی ،داشتن و به کارگیری تفکرات و رفتار کارآفرینانه و ایجاد سازمان های کارآفرین بر کسی پوشیده نیست. سازمان های عصر حاضر به کارآفرینی سازمانی به دلیل نقشی که در کسب مزیت رقابتی پایدار از طریق؛ نوآوری، مخاطره پذیری و نوسازی استراتژیک برای سازمانها ایفا می کند، توجه خاصی داشته اند. با توجه به اینکه فراهم سازی شرایط برای اجرای ابعاد فوق توجه بسیاری از محققان را به خود جلب کرده؛ هدف این پژوهش آن است که با رویکردی جامع به شناسایی و اولویت بندی عوامل تاثیر گذار بر کارآفرینی سازمانی در صنایع غذایی بپردازد. کارآفرینی سازمانی می تواند فرصت های خلق ارزش جدید در صنایع غذایی را شناسایی و توسعه دهد. جامعه آماری اول این پژوهش شامل 714 نفر از مدیران، متخصصان و کارشناسان شرکت های کارآفرین در صنایع غذایی بهروز، زمزم، پاک، گلستان و محسن می باشد؛ که با فرمول کوکران 250 نفر به شیوه تصادفی ساده به عنوان نمونه تحقیق انتخاب شدند. جامعه آماری دوم نیز برای اولویت بندی عوامل تعداد 16 نفر از صاحب نظران و اساتید مدیریت کارآفرینی دانشگاهها می باشند. ابزار اصلی مورد استفاده در این تحقیق برای گردآوری داده ها پرسشنامه است. این پژوهش از نظر هدف کاربردی و از لحاظ شیوه اجرا توصیفی – همبستگی است. برای تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات از روش های مدل یابی معادلات ساختاری و فرآیند تحلیل سلسله مراتبی فازی استفاده شده است. نتایج بررسی نشان می دهد که چهار دسته عوامل؛ سازمانی، فردی، استراتژیک و محیطی تاثیر مثبتی بر کارآفرینی سازمانی در شرکت های کارآفرین در صنایع غذایی دارند و در ضمن عوامل سازمانی از اهمیت بیشتری در این رابطه برخوردارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Factors Affecting Corporate Entrepreneurship

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyed Mehdi Alvani 1
  • Saeed Safari 2
  • Reza Kohan Hoosh Nejad 3
  • Saeed Khodamoradi 4

1 Professor in Accounting and Management Faculty, Allameh Tabataba’i

چکیده [English]

According to the dynamism and complexity of today's business environment, the importance of applying entrepreneurial thinking and actions and creating entrepreneurial organizations is evident. Nowadays, organizations have particular considerations to corporate entrepreneurship due to its role in gaining sustainable competitive advantage through innovation, risk taking and strategic renewal of organizations. With regard to the fact that providing conditions for implementation of extra dimensions has attracted the attention of many researchers, the purpose of this study was with a comprehensive approach to identify and prioritize the factors affecting corporate entrepreneurship in food industries. CE can identify and develop value creation opportunities in the food industry. The first statistical population of this research consisted of 714 participants including executives, professionals and entrepreneurial organizationexperts in the food industries of Behrouz, Zamzam, Pak, Golestan, Mohsen, which have been selected as sample in random, according to Cochran Formula 250. The second statistical population was selected within 16 experts and professors of entrepreneurship management in universities to prioritize the factors. The research is applicable in aim, and descriptive-correlative in conduction. The Structural Equation Modeling and Fuzzy Hierarchy Analyze process techniques were used to analyze information. The results show that the four organizational, individual, strategic and environmental factors have positive effects on corporate entrepreneurship in entrepreneurial companies in the food industry and the fact that organizational factors are more important in this regard.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Corporate Entrepreneurship
  • Sustainable Competitive Advantage
  • Innovation
  • Risk taking
  • Strategic Renewal
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دوره 25، شماره 82
زمستان 1395
صفحه 1-27
  • تاریخ دریافت: 25 فروردین 1393
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 24 آبان 1393
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 29 آذر 1393