جو شرنگ آلود سازمان: مفهوم سازی و سنجش

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه مدیریت دانشگاه ولی عصر (عج)

2 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت دولتی دانشگاه ولی عصر (عج)

چکیده

سازمان به مثابه یک موجود زنده، گاه دچار جوی شرنگ آلود می شود. از آنجا که چنین جوی، آبستن پیامدهای کژکارکردی برای اعضای سازمان است، شناسایی ابعاد و مؤلفه های شکل دهنده و نیز تدوین ابزاری برای سنجش آن بایسته است. از این رو، پژوهش حاضر با هدف تدوین و اعتباریابی پرسشنامه ای برای سنجش جو شرنگ آلود سازمان انجام شده است. به این منظور، نخست از دل پیشینة نظری، ابعاد و مؤلفه هایی برای آن شناسایی شدند. در ادامه، پرسشنامة اولیه ای تدوین و پس از اطمینان از سازگاری درونی، بین نمونه 600 نفری از کارکنان سازمانهای اجرایی ارسنجان، سعادت شهر و مرودشت، به صورت طبقه ای نامتناسب توزیع شد. برای بررسی مقدماتی روایی سازة سنجه، از تجزیة مؤلفه‌های اصلی و به منظور اجتناب از تهدید واریانس مشترک، آزمون یک عاملی هارمن اجرا شد. برای اعتبارسنجی پرسشنامه، پایاییهای ثبات و همسنگ و رواییهای همگرا و واگرا با استفاده از نرم افزارهای PSS، Amos Graphics و Smart PLS ارزیابی شدند. نتیجة پژوهش به تأیید ابعاد ساختار فیزیکی شرنگ آلود، روابط بین فردی شرنگ آلود، نظام شرنگ آلود پاداش و جبران خدمت و رهبری زهرآگین انجامید. سنجة نهایی پرسشنامه ای 57 گویه ای بر مبنای مقیاس طیف پنج گزینه‌ای لیکرت بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Toxic Climate of Organization: Conceptualization and Measurement

چکیده [English]

Sometimes the climate of organization, as an organism, is impregnated to toxicity. Since this kind of climate conveys dysfunctional consequences to organization members, it is requisite to explore the dimensions and components of such a climate and also to develop an instrument to measure it. Thus, the aim of this paper is to develop and validate a questionnaire for measuring organizational toxic climate. In this regard, after studying literature, dimensions and components of mentioned concept were explored. Then a primary questionnaire was developed and after confirming its internal consistency distributed among 600 employees of administrative organizations in Arsanjan, Saadt-Shahr, and Marvdasht based on disproportionate stratified sampling. In order to test the primary validity of measure and avoid the threat of common method variance, exploratory factor analysis and Harman single-factor test were deployed respectively. To validate the questionnaire, stability and equivalence reliability and convergent and divergent validity were assessed. SPSS, Smart PLS, and Amos Graphics, were also uesd. As a result, the toxic physical structure, toxic interpersonal communication, toxic reward,  reputation system, and toxic leadership were confirmed as the dimensions of toxic organizational climate. The final measure was a 5 point Likertquestionnaire with 57-items.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • organizational climate
  • Organizational toxicity
  • Toxic organizational climate
  • Validation
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دوره 25، شماره 82
زمستان 1395
صفحه 61-80
  • تاریخ دریافت: 04 دی 1395
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 17 اسفند 1395
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 11 اسفند 1395