الگوی ذهنی مدیران شرکت های دانش بنیان کشور نسبت به معنا داری کار: کاربرد روش کیو

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیارگروه مدیریت دانشکده علوم اداری و اقتصادی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

2 استاد گروه مدیریت دانشکده علوم اداری و اقتصادی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

مفهوم معناداری کار و کار معنادار از دیرباز مورد توجه پژوهشگران بوده ولی به دلایل متعدد، در سال های اخیر شاهد پژوهش های متعدد نوینی در رابطه با مفهوم معناداری کار در سازمان ها و اثر آن بر خروجی های سازمانی هستیم. شرکت‏های دانش بنیان و نوپا نیز که جایگاهی خاص در اقتصاد دانش محور دارند از جمله سازمان‏هایی هستند که می توانند بر اساس مفهوم معناداری کار، به بازطراحی و سازمان دهی خود بپردازند و از مزایای آن استفاده کنند. هدف از انجام پژوهش حاضر، شناخت و درک الگوهای ذهنی مدیران شرکت های دانش بنیان کشور در مورد معناداری کار با روش کیو است. به این منظور با استفاده از روش کیو، عبارات تالار گفتمان، تحلیل و چهار الگوی ذهنی مشارکت کنندگان پژوهش در مورد کارمعنادار در میان مدیران شرکت های دانش بنیان آشکار و نام گذاری گردید که عبارتند از: انتظار از کار، نگرش نسبت به کار، ماهیت کار و ویژگی های فردی. شناخت این الگوهای ذهنی می تواند در تبیین و ارائه راهبردهای مناسب طراحی مشاغل و مسیر پیشرفت و توسعه شرکت های دانش بنیان و برنامه های حمایتی آن ها، مورد استفاده مدیران قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Mental Patterns of Iranian Knowledge Based Enterprises Manager’s about Meaningful Work: Application of Q Methodology

نویسندگان [English]

  • Gholamreza Malekzadeh 1
  • Farborz Rahimnia 2

1 Assistant professor, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

2 Professor, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

چکیده [English]

Meaningful work and work meaningfulness concepts have recently received considerable attention in the management and organizational behavior research literature because they are strongly related to organizational outputs. So there has been a growing concern among researchers and practitioners about the need to better understanding of the work meaningfulness. Increased emphasis on the meaningful work is due largely to research linking employees who are engaged and intrinsically motivated in work they find meaningful with higher levels of job satisfaction, commitment, retention, performance, and productivity. Knowledge based enterprises as important organizations for developing knowledge based economy can use this concept in their job design, reengineering and organizing activities. The aim of this study was to understand the mental patterns of managers of Iranian knowledge based enterprises with Q-methodology. For this purpose, by using Q-methodology, forum phrases analyzed and four mental pattern of participants about meaningful work revealed which are: expectations about work, attitude towards work, the nature of work and individual features. Knowing these mental patterns can be used in explanation and choosing suitable strategies in job design, development plans and supporting programs of enterprises and their management.  

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Meaningful work
  • Knowledge based enterprises
  • Mental Pattern
  • Q methodology
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دوره 25، شماره 81
پاییز 1395
صفحه 1-24
  • تاریخ دریافت: 19 خرداد 1395
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 19 آبان 1395
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 17 شهریور 1395