نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشکده اقتصاد، مدیریت و علوم اداری، دانشگاه سمنان‏، سمنان، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت MBA-گرایش توسعه سازمان و منابع انسانی، دانشکده اقتصاد، مدیریت و علوم اداری، دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران

چکیده

رفتارهای انحرافی محیط کار از جمله ابعاد رفتار سازمانی است که به دلیل تحمیل هزینه‌های زیاد بر سازمان‌ها در دهه‌های اخیر مورد توجه قرار گرفته است. یکی از مهم‌ترین عواملی که به بروز رفتارهای انحرافی دامن می‌زند، بدبینی سازمانی است. بروز رفتار انحرافی کارکنان به دلیل وجود بدبینی، متأثر از سبک رهبری مدیران و سرپرستان می‌باشد در این پژوهش ابتدا به بررسی تأثیر بدبینی سازمانی بر گرایش به رفتارهای انحرافی در بین کارکنان یکی از شرکت‌های پیمانکاری نفتی منطقه عسلویه و پس از آن به تأثیر سبک رهبری تبادلی در تعدیل این اثر پرداخته شد. حجم جامعه آماری 210 نفر بوده که بر اساس فرمول کوکران تعداد 136 نفر به عنوان حجم نمونه انتخاب شد. جهت جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه‌های استاندارد بدبینی سازمانی، رابطه رهبر-عضو و پرسشنامه رفتار انحرافی استفاده شده است که ضریب آلفای کرونباخ پرسشنامه پژوهش 817/0 محاسبه گردید. همچنین به منظور تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون‌های کولموگروف-اسمیرنوف، همبستگی پیرسون، آزمون t تک نمونه‌ای و مدلسازی معادلات ساختاری به شیوه حداقل مربعات جزئی بهره گرفته شده است. نتایج حاصل از آزمون فرضیه‌ها نشان داد که بدبینی سازمانی تأثیر مثبت و معناداری بر گرایش به رفتارهای انحرافی کارکنان دارد و سبک رهبری تبادلی این اثر را تعدیل می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Organizational Cynicism on Tendency to Deviant Behaviours; the Moderating Role Leadership Style

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alireza Moghaddam 1
  • Mahdi Mahmoudi Meymand 2

1 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Economics, Management and Administrative Sciences, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran

2 MSc Student, Faculty of Economic, Management and Administrative Sciences, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran

چکیده [English]

Workplace deviant behavior is one aspect of organizational behavior which due to its cost, has grabbed the attention of organizational behavior experts in recent decades. Studies on the origin of workplace deviant behavior reveal that organizational cynicism is one of the most important factors which affects deviant behavior. Workplace deviant behavior due to cynicism is influenced by the leadership style because the leader’s actions directly affect employee’s behavior. When employees perceive the relationship with their leader is valuable they may reciprocate by, for example, displaying more positive behavior. In contrast, when employees perceive underrated feedbacks by their supervisors, they are expected to respond in a negative way in order to restore the balance. This study investigates the effect of organizational cynicism on the tendency towards deviant behaviors and the moderating effect of leader-member exchange between organizational cynicism and tendency to deviant behaviors. Using a sample consisting of 136 employees in an oil contracting company in Asaluyeh, this study found organizational cynicism affects positively on the tendency to deviant behaviors and leader-member exchange has moderating effect between organizational cynicism and tendency to deviant behaviors.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Organizational Cynicism
  • Exchange Leadership Style
  • Leader-Member Exchange
  • Deviant Behavior

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