هم افزایی فلسفه و مدیریت طرحی برای مدیران پیشرو

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه فلسفه، دانشکدۀ الهیات، دانشگاه الزهرا

2 دانشیار گروه مدیریت، دانشکدۀ ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه گیلان رشت

چکیده

مقالۀ حاضر که می­توان آن را نوعی مدیریت­پژوهی فلسفی تلقی کرد، بر فرضیۀ امکان تعامل فلسفه و مدیریت و در نتیجه افزایش توانمندی و کارایی آن­ها، مبتنی است. بر اساس این فرضیه، مدیریت می­تواند برای تأملات فلسفی، موضوعات جدیدی مهیا سازد و فلسفه نیز می­تواند مطالعات مدیریتی و سازمانی را تنوع و عمق بیشتری بخشد. ادعای نقش­آفرینی فلسفه در حوزۀ مدیریت، به مطالعات مدیریتی و سازمانی محدود نیست، بلکه در مقالۀ حاضر بر این امر تأکید شده است که علاوه بر ساحت نظر، مدیرانی که از بصیرت­های فلسفی برخوردارند، در مقام عمل نیز مدیران خردمندتر، تاثیرگذارتر و موفق­تری خواهند بود. هستی­شناسی، معرفت­شناسی و اخلاق، سه شاخه از شاخه­های اصلی فلسفه­اند. این سه شاخه، در پژوهش حاضر به عنوان سه متغیر مستقل تعیین شده و تاثیر آن­ها بر متغیر وابستۀ مدیریت، مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. در بحث هستی­شناسی سازمانی، نشان داده شده که درک مدیران از نحوۀ وجود سازمان تحت مدیریت آنان، می­تواند بر تلقی آنان از ماموریت سازمانی خود مؤثر باشد. مبحث معرفت­شناسی سازمانی، به این نتیجه منتهی شده که شاخه معرفت­شناسی، می­تواند به مدیران کمک کند تا فاصله موجود میان دانش و عمل را پر کنند. مهم­ترین نتیجه­ای که در بحث اخلاق سازمانی، بر آن تأکید شده این است که مدیران، معلمان اخلاق سازمان خود هستند. ارتباط میان خرد و بلوغ سازمانی، آخرین مبحثی است که در مقالۀ حاضر بدان پرداخته شده است.  

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Synergy of Philosophy and Management,A Design for Pioneer Managers

نویسندگان [English]

  • Narges Nazarnejad 1
  • Esmail Malek Akhlagh 2

1 . Associate Professor Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Theology, Alzahra University

2 Associate Professor Department of Management, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Guilan University. Rasht

چکیده [English]

bThe present paper, which can be regarded as a kind of philosophical management study, is based on the hypothesis that philosophy and management can interact and thus enhance their ability and effectiveness. Based on this hypothesis, management can provide new subjects for philosophical reflections, and philosophy can also diversify and deepen the management and organizational studies. The claim of the role of philosophy in the field of management is not limited to managerial and organizational studies, but in this paper, the emphasis is placed on the fact that, in addition to the theoretical sphere, managers who have philosophical insights practically will be wiser, more influential and more successful executives. Ontology, epistemology, and ethics are three branches of the main branches of philosophy. These three branches are defined as independent variables in the present study and their impact on the dependent variable of management has been investigated. In connection with organizational ontology, it has been shown that managers' perception of the kind of existence their organizations have, can affect their perceptions of their organizational mission. The subject of organizational epistemology leads to the conclusion that the branch of epistemology can help managers fill in the existing gaps between knowledge and practice. The most important consequence of organizational ethics is that the managers are the ethics teachers of their organization. The relationship between wisdom and organizational maturity is the last topic discussed in this paper t variables in the present study and their impact on the dependent variable of management has been investigated. In connection with organizational ontology, it has been shown that managers' perception of the kind of existence their organizations have, can affect their perceptions of their organizational mission. The subject of organizational epistemology leads to the conclusion that the branch of epistemology can help managers fill in the existing gaps between knowledge and practice. The most important consequence of organizational ethics is that the managers are the ethics teachers of their organization. The relationship between wisdom and organizational maturity is the last topic discussed in this paper.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Philosophy
  • management
  • Organizational Ontology
  • Organizational Epistemology
  • Organizational Ethics
  • Organizational Wisdom

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دوره 28، شماره 92
تابستان 1398
صفحه 65-87
  • تاریخ دریافت: 23 خرداد 1397
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 23 مهر 1397
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 23 مهر 1397