نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه مدیریت دولتی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

2 دانشیار گروه مدیریت دولتی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

3 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت دولتی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

چکیده

سازمان ها ممکن است به ناچار اقدام به تعدیل نیروی انسانی نمایند  .همانگونه که به تعویق‌انداختن یا پرهیز از تعدیل نیرو در مواقع ضروری  می‏تواند تهدیدی جدی برای سلامت و بقای کسب‌وکار باشد، انجام نادرست آن هم  می تواند ضرر و تبعات منفی برای سازمان  داشته باشد . بنابراین هدف این پژوهش بررسی ادراک از عدالت در تعدیل نیرو و تأثیر آن بر تمایل به ترک خدمت کارکنان بازمانده  با در نظر گرفتن متغیر میانجی احساس گناه. می باشد . از ابزار پرسشنامه و روش توصیفی- همبستگی برای انجام پژوهش استفاده شده است . برای تحقق هدف پژوهش، از طریق روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده و با استفاده از فرمول تعیین حجم نمونه کوکران، به توزیع 342 پرسشنامه در میان کارکنان باقی‌مانده از تعدیل نیرو در یکی از شرکت های  قطعه سازی خودرو پرداختیم .داده‌های حاصل از پرسشنامه را با استفاده از مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری (SEM) و با استفاده از نرم‌افزار PLS تجزیه‌وتحلیل شده‌اند. یافته‌ها نشان داد ادراک از عدالت در کوچک‌سازی توسط کارکنان باقی‌مانده با احساس گناه آنان رابطه معکوس دارد بدین معنا که هرچه کارکنان تعدیل نیرو را ناعادلانه‌تر درک کنند. احساس گناه بیشتری خواهند داشت و احساس گناه کارکنان موجب ، افزایش تمایل به ترک خدمت انان  می گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Perceived Justice in the Process of Human Resources Adjustment in Organization with Employees Feeling of Guilty

نویسندگان [English]

  • Reza Vaezi 1
  • Seyed Naghavi Mir Ali 2
  • sara maleki 3

1 Professor of Public Administration Department, FAclty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba’i University

2 Associate Professor of Public Administration Department, FAclty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba’i University

3 Master Student of Public Administration Department, FAclty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba’i University

چکیده [English]

At some points, organizations might have no choice but to attempt to adjust their staff and sack some. Obviously postponement or avoiding such layoffs in emergency times can be a serious threat to the whole well-being and survival of the business, but doing it the wrong way will also lead to bad consequences and costs. Hence the purpose of this study is to investigate the perception of justice in process of staff adjustment by remaining employees who survived it and its effects on their intention for quitting their jobs regarding their feeling of being guilty as a meditative variable. This paper is carried out by a descriptive-correlational method in which for collecting data questionnaires were used. To reach our purpose, using simple-random sampling method and Cochran's sample volume determination formula, 342 questionnaires were distributed among remaining staff in a company which produces vehicle parts and had done some layoffs recently. Collected data were analyzed by smart PLS software using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Results show that staff's opinions about justice in such adjustments have reverse relationship with their feeling of being guilty; in other words, the more these staff find company's layoffs unfair, more do they feel guilty' and as a result, their tendency & willingness to quit their jobs will increase.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Layoffs
  • Perceived Justice
  • Feeling Guilty
  • Turnover Tendency

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