Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Management Department., Faculty of management, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran

2 PhD Student in Human Resource Management, Faculty of Management, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran


This research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive survey in terms of nature and method. The statistical population of the research is the senior managers and human resource managers of government organizations, 15 of whom have been selected using a purposive sampling method. The data collection tool is a semi-structured interview in the qualitative part and a questionnaire in the quantitative part, In this research, the data were analyzed in the qualitative part using the content analysis method and Maxqda software, and in the quantitative part using the ISM method. The findings of the research include identifying the dimensions and components of the emergence of revenge behaviors of human resources in four axes, which are: platforms for the formation of retaliatory behaviors, intervening factors in revenge behaviors, types of revenge behaviors of human resources, and consequences of revenge behaviors of human resources. Eventually, the results of the research show that the emergence of revenge behaviors in human resources will have consequences such as: creating a toxic and harmful organizational atmosphere, increasing organizational conflict, increasing organizational friction and dysfunctional behaviors, and reducing the efficiency and productivity of human resources.


Main Subjects